The news shapes how we perceive the world, and our place in it. It also informs the way we think. Presented here is a concise history of media bias.
Although preceded by single event news publications and booklets, usually focused on single subjects, the printing press and appetite for information culminated in the birth of the newspaper, the first of which was Relation aller Fuernemmen und gedenckwürdigen Historien (“Collection of all distinguished and memorable news”) in Strasbourg in 1605.
Previously the type of message board news preceeded by Roman Actas had usually been concise, factual, an employed neutral language, with printed information that aimed to persuade confined to pamphlets.
In England, since the emergence of the printing industry, distribution of news and printed information have been heavily controlled and censored by the government, but in 1641, a year before the nation was lunged into civil war, The Court of High Commission and the Star Chamber, a court closely tied to the King and often used to suppress opposition, were abolished by the Long Parliament, meaning that people suddenly became far less restricted in what they could print. With the civil war came propaganda, with titles such as The Parliament Scout reporting stories with a distinct political bias, its articles often written in the hope of casting the parliamentarians in a positive light, and the Royalists in a negative one, going head-to-head with its political opposite Mercurius Aulicus.
Of course almost all printed information before this had been biased in some way…
News and Frontier Consciousness in the Late Roman Empire
By Mark W. Graham
A Short History Of News – CML
Shakespeare Library – Mercurius Aulicus
Understanding bias – API
What Is an Example of Propaganda in the American Revolution? – Synonym
These 6 Corporations Control 90% Of The Media In America
UK media bias: BBC and Channel 4 beat Sky and ITV on political balance
Murdoch of Fox News Admits Manipulating the News for Agenda
Republic.com – Book
Is the Internet Polarizing Politics? – Big think
How biased are the media, really? – The Washington Post
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Fox News Admits its own Bias, Must See
Keith Olbermann on Bill Clinton’s Fox News interview
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St Michael’s Church – Burrow Mump – DJI Phantom 4 – Alfie 1554
Printing on a Gutenberg Press – Zac Richins
Leveson Inquiry: Kelvin MacKenzie At Leveson Sun Had ‘No Regard For Privacy’ NOTWPhoneHacking
Rachel Maddow Explodes At PolitiFact: “You Are Fired!” (Part 1) – News Politics Info
Glenn Beck’s ‘The Blaze’ Is Burning Down – The Young Turks
Pissed off Fox news reporter loses it on air!!! – Superbattledog
Obama Information Czar Cass Sunstein Confronted on Cognitive Infiltration of Conspiracy Groups – We Are Change
Evgeny Morozov on technology: The folly of solutionism – The Economist