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Why Taiwan and China are Battling over Tiny Island Countries

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Animation by Josh Sherrington
Sound by Graham Haerther
Thumbnail by Simon Buckmaster

Select footage courtesy the AP Archive

References:
[1] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD?locations=PW-PG-SB-FM-NR-VU-MH-FJ-TV-KI-WS-TO
[2] https://www.lowyinstitute.org/publications/stronger-together-safeguarding-australia-s-security-interests-through-closer-pacific-0#_edn23
[3] https://www.icdf.org.tw/ct.asp?xItem=5276&CtNode=29823&mp=2
[4] https://www.icdf.org.tw/ct.asp?xItem=12487&CtNode=29823&mp=2
[5] https://www.icdf.org.tw/fp.asp?fpage=cp&xItem=30438&ctNode=29877&mp=2
[6] http://www.icdf.org.tw/ct.asp?xItem=4395&ctNode=29824&mp=2
[7] https://www.reuters.com/article/us-taiwan-diplomacy-kiribati/taiwan-says-china-lures-kiribati-with-airplanes-after-losing-another-ally-idUSKBN1W50DI
[8] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7102519/
[9] https://pacificaidmap.lowyinstitute.org
[10] https://www.smh.com.au/politics/federal/the-great-wharf-from-china-raising-eyebrows-across-the-pacific-20180411-p4z8yu.html

Musicbed SyncID:
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Written by Wendover Productions

Wendover Productions is all about explaining how our world works. From travel, to economics, to geography, to marketing and more, every video will leave you with a little better understanding of our world. New videos go out every other Tuesday.

Comments

  1. Hey Wendover Productions, I was wondering if you take actions to help small channels? Just curious. I’m a new youtuber and my videos are quality but I can’t seem to get any eyes on my content just because I’m a small channel. Thanks

  2. 用中文回复你,讲的轮唇不对马嘴,一帮傻逼做自媒体的总要弄一些政治话题,好像你有多懂政治一样。这里面美国的因素一点都没讲,另外你都能想到买通人民的想法中国不会想到?所以不要做自媒体骗钱,因为你什么都不懂。

  3. If Taiwan wants to make more friends and be recognized further, they need to seriously step up their game. Voice out and support global issues such as the HK protest, Indo-China border disputes, Tibetian conflict, South China Sea claims, Uyghurs abuses, etc. China is making enemies and Taiwan needs to make friends with China's enemies. Taiwan needs to take advantage of these cold wars and nations that are pissed with China. China can pour all the money it wants, but Taiwan needs to win people's hearts.

  4. India has experienced Chinese aggression over the past couple of months. It lays a claim to the Indian administered regions in Ladakh and Arunachal Pradesh. Is military strategy the only reason for China's claims? Or are there more sinister reasons lurking underneath the aggression?
    @

  5. The information in this video is not fully correct. The actual interest matrix is far more complex.

    For Taiwan: The impact was fully explained in the video. Due to the political interest, the Taiwan government or the party can't afford losing the diplomatic relationship with these countries. This was abused by these countries as they kept threatening Taiwan that if the funding is not increased, they would switch to Beijing.

    For these Pacific island countries: They are playing games on both sides. On the China side, they actually have been contacting Beijing actively since a long time ago (during the presidential period of previous Taiwan president). At that time, Beijing obviously cared more about the relationship with Taiwan so turned them down. But due to the relationship deteriorated during the current presidential period of Taiwan, obviously Beijing doesn't need to consider the impact to Taiwan any more and hence started to accept these pacific countries. The primary reason for them to favor Beijing is not just financial benefit which is actually secondary. The primary reason is they want to introduce China into the region to balance the power of Australia so they can gain some bargaining power when negotiating various disputing issues with Australia (eg, natural resources, global warming / sea level). Same reason as why Vietnam, Philippine etc wants to introduce USA into South China Sea to balance China. Taiwan obviously can't help them anything on this issue. The second reason is they probably think they can get more funding and aid from Bejing than Taiwan. On the side with Taiwan, these pacific countries know they can't threaten China but they can definitely threaten Taiwan and this is exactly what they have been doing.

    For China: these pacific countries have no strategic interest to China and it's completely not worth the attention or effort to fight for it. But if the cost is only spending some money, then comparing with the gaining political benefit, it's not a bad deal. The gaining political benefit: (1) it benefits China's relationship with Taiwan as the video explained; (2) it somewhat can still contribute to China's global battle vs USA.

    For Australia: certainly it's not happy if China sets foot in its realm and China's move will be seen as threat to Australia even though China probably have no intention to do so but due to China's influence, its presence in this region won't make Australia relaxing.

    For USA: It doesn't have real interest in this region itself but it needs to back Australia up and it's certainly willing to do anything which can help stop China's expansion of influence. This is why the USA vice president visited these countries last year.

  6. This video misses so many key points. For Taiwan of 24 million people this small island exports food to feed over 20 million people mostly going to China. Any attack on Taiwan would disrupt this huge amount of food export. Second is at least one of these island countries, maybe it is Tonga, has one of the largest or the largest gold deposits in the world. This make that island country extremely valuable. Third is Taiwan was the last battle in the Maoist invasion with the Taiwan aboriginal and the smartest and most fit Chinese retreating to that island defeating the Maoist. This exactly means those entrepreneurs of Taiwan are truly more intelligent, ambitious, and creative than their Communist neighbors leading Taiwan to become the second largest high tech center in Asia only behind Japan. This makes Taiwan one of the "Asian Dragons" of manufacturing and a technology leader and not a follower like China. These guys at Wendover pretend to know and understand a whole lot more than reality shows . What arrogance and ignorance pretending to be an authority of knowledge.

  7. In fact, China is not fighting Taiwan for diplomatic relations with Pacific countries. But when the relationship between China and Taiwan was good before, China deliberately left some diplomatic relations with Taiwan. Recently, the relationship between China and Taiwan has deteriorated, so China has to withdraw these diplomatic relations.

  8. I’m Chinese living in Hong Kong, and find this video really interesting. However, this won’t be going on for too long since PR China will reunite with RO China in a few years

  9. There's a reason flashy big projects work: corrupt officials in those small islands get their share to be rich so the governments support China. Taiwan's tactic would not work unless they're willing to hand out a bigger bribe.

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